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WIPO report: China driving growth in global patent filings rise 连续5年世界知识产权指标年度报告显示——中国成为推动全球发明专利增长重要力量
Author:CopyFrom:hits:2608UpdateTime:2016/1/6 16:21:47Editor:

      In 2014, China received 928,000 invention patent applications, ranking the top in the world, accounting for 34% of the total applications in the world. At the same time, the annual average growth rate of China’s invention application stood at 12.5%, ranking the second position as the global patent filings rose in 2014 for fifth straight year. China also ranked the third position in the world in its PCT filings, according to the 2015 edition of the World Intellectual Property Indicators released by WIPO.
    In the past five years, China saw a rapid growth in its IP community, reflected by its innovative companies and the whole society, according to WIPO report.
    The report also shows that, in 2010, China overtook Japan and became the second largest economy in the world. In the same year, China saw an increase of 24.3% in invention patent filings, ranking the second place in the world, doubled than that in EPO. In parallel, China surpassed the South Korea in PCT filings, becoming the fourth largest PCT filing country worldwide.
    It is worth mention that in 2011, China has ranked first in terms of the number of patent applications, with 526,000 invention patent filings. China has become an IP power house as in the past 100 years, only Germany, Japan and the USA were in the top slot.
    According to 2013 edition of the World Intellectual Property Indicators, China has ranked the first in terms of number of invention patent filings with 653,000 for two consecutive years.
    According to 2014 edition of the World Intellectual Property Indicators, China recieved 825,000 invention patent applications in 2013, accounting for 33.3% of the world’s total, rankign the top for three concecutive years.
    According to the report, an estimated 10.2 million patents were in force worldwide in 2014, with the bulk of then in the US (24.7% of the world total), Japan (18.8%) and China (11.7%). US applicants filed the most applications aboard (224,000), followed by Japan (200,000). By contrast, Chinese applicants filed around 36,000 applications abroad.
    “It is no difficult to find out that there is stall a gap between China and other IP power houses in global valid invention patent share and aboard patent applications, therefore, concerted efforts should be made to narrow this gap” said Li Shunde, the dean of Legal and Intellectual Property Department, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
    Since the start of 12th Five-Year Plan, more and more Chinese companies have redoubling efforts to catch up with IP powers. “As of now, ZTE Corporation have obtained more than 60,000 patents from home and aboard, 90% of which were high quality patents,” said GuoXiaoming, the vice president of ZTE. “The globalization IP layout is an important guaranty for ZTE participating in international market contests.In 2014, ZTE ranked among the top three applicants under the PCT system with 2,179 patent filings, which is the only Chinese company to rank the top three for fifth straight year,” adds Guo.
    By now, more and more Chinese companies like ZTE have attached a great importance in global IP layout. Thanks to its growing invention and PCT filings, the Lenovo, Inspur Group, Haier and other Chinese companies have advanced by leaps and bounds during the 12th Five-Year Plan.
    It is IP authorities’ efforts that shaped companies dramatic rise. In a bid to enhance the ability of innovators to use IP, SIPO and other relevant authorities have made heroic efforts. Especially since 2014, SIPO revised the patent law a fourth time, promote the modification of Service Invention Regulations, Regulations on Patent Commissioning, formulated the Measures for Patent Administrative Law Enforcement and etc., which provide a sound market environment for innovators in institutional building and public service. Statistics from SIPO said that, in the first 11 months of 2015, China received 810,000 invention applications from domestic applicants, an increase of 21%.
    “Further inspiration of innovation activities is crucial in the transformation of big IP country to the power one, which is also an important support for Chinese companies to participate in international market competition in the coming 13th Five-Year Plan, ” adds Li. (by Zhao Jianguo)
本报记者  赵建国
2014年,中国发明专利申请量为92.8万件,位居世界第1位,占全球总量的34%。同时,在全球发明专利申请量连续5年上升的情况下,中国发明专利申请量年增长率为12.5%。来自中国的通过《专利合作条约》(PCT)途径提交的国际专利申请量居世界第3位。这是世界知识产权组织(WIPO)最新发布的《2015年世界知识产权指标》年度报告中所披露的主要内容。
走进2016年新的一年,中国正处于“十二五”向“十三五”转折点上。回首刚刚走过的“十二五”的5年,中国知识产权事业快速发展,不仅企业创新活跃,而且全社会的创新活力正在被持续激发,取得的成绩举世瞩目。这从世界知识产权组织过去5年发布的世界知识产权指标年度报告中可以找到一条闪光的发展轨迹。
《2011年世界知识产权指标》报告显示,2010年,中国在超越日本成为世界第二大经济体的同时,其发明专利申请量同比增长24.3%,增幅位居全球第1位,比增幅居第2位的欧洲专利局高出1倍。同时,中国的PCT国际专利申请量超过韩国,成为全球第四大PCT国际专利申请来源国。
《2012年世界知识产权指标》报告表明,2011年中国发明专利申请量达到52.6万件,首次成为全球发明专利申请第一大国,巨大的进步值得欣喜。因为在过去100年中,只有德国、日本和美国曾经占据这个位置,中国已是名副其实的专利大国。
  《2013年世界知识产权指标》报告显示,2012年中国发明专利申请量达到65.3万件,连续第2年保持全球发明专利申请第一大国地位。
     《2014年世界知识产权指标》报告显示,2013年中国发明专利申请量达到82.5万件,占当年全球发明专利申请1/3,连续第3年保持全球发明专利申请第一大国地位。
虽然中国发明专利总的数量在持续增长,但世界知识产权组织《2015年世界知识产权指标》年度报告指出,2014年全球有效发明专利约为1020万件,其中美国占比为24.7%,日本占比为18.8%,中国占比为11.7%;同时,美国申请人在国外提交的发明专利申请量为22.4万件,日本申请人在国外提交的发明专利申请量为20万件,中国申请人在国外提交的发明专利申请量仅为3.6万件。
 “不难发现,在全球有效发明专利占比和向国外提交发明专利申请量中,中国与其他知识产权强国还有一定的差距,需要加速追赶。”中国科学院大学法律与知识产权系主任李顺德教授表示,发明专利维持有效的时间在很大程度上取决于专利的质量,而向国外提交发明专利申请则是市场主体参与国际市场竞争能力的体现。
 “十二五”以来,中国企业已经看到了这种差距,努力追赶的步伐正在加快。“截至目前,中兴通讯已拥有国内外专利超过6万件,90%以上为具有高度权利稳定性和技术品质的发明专利,由此构筑了我们‘走出去’的基石。”中兴通讯股份有限公司副总裁郭小明在接受中国知识产权报记者采访时表示。全球化的知识产权布局是中兴通讯参与国际市场竞争的重要保障,世界知识产权组织的报告表明,在全球企业提交的PCT国际专利申请中,中兴通讯凭借2179件PCT国际专利申请位居2014年全球国际企业前3名,成为中国唯一一家连续5年稳居全球前3名的企业。
时至今日,如同中兴通讯一样重视国际市场知识产权布局的中国企业越来越多。联想集团、浪潮集团、海尔集团等企业,近年来正是通过发明专利的持续增长和PCT国际专利的海外布局,在“十二五”时期实现了跨越式发展。
中国企业不断成长的背后,是相关部门的大力支持。为提高创新主体知识产权能力,中国国家知识产权局及有关部门在“十二五”期间做出了巨大的努力。特别是2014年以来,中国国家知识产权局积极开展专利法第四次修改、推进《职务发明条例》《专利代理条例》制定修订工作,修订发布了《专利行政执法办法》等规章,从制度建设和公共服务方面为创新主体提供了良好的市场竞争环境。来自中国国家知识产权局的统计数据显示,2015年前11个月,中国仅来自国内的发明专利申请受理量已达81万件,同比增长21%。
“进一步激励创新活动的开展,是中国实现由知识产权大国向知识产权强国转变的必由之路,也是‘十三五’时期中国企业走向世界的重要支撑。”李顺德强调。

 
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